Buying a House? Guide to Types of Home Loans


Buying a house is a dream for people, which is why it is essential to do it right. Of course, you need to avail of a loan, and what’s better than a conventional loan? If you are new to loans, it is vital to understand the subject. Every loan is different and has a different set of advantages and drawbacks.

There are myriad choices for financing, such as conventional loans or government-backed loans. Understanding the basics of property financing and researching it is essential. Following through with all the financing options is essential to get a suitable mortgage.

What Do You Need to Avail a Loan as a First-Time Home Buyer?

There are several requirements to get approval for a home loan for first-time buyers. Now, who are first-time buyers? An individual who has not owned a primary residence for three years, any individual who has possessed a house with a spouse, any single person who has owned a residence not perpetually attached to the foundation, or a person who has owned a property that was not compliant to construction codes.

As a first-time home buyer, you need a minimum of two years of income proof that will be enough for the mortgage payment. You will need to make a minimum percentage of a down payment and have a decent credit score. Several other programs will allow you to buy a home with low income, credit scores below 500, and zero down payment.

What Are The Different Categories Of Home Loans?

There are different types of loans that first-time buyers can avail of. These are

  • Conventional Loans

The loans that are not guaranteed or insured by the federal government are known as conventional loans. They are known as fixed-rate mortgages. Since they have strict requirements, these loans are difficult to qualify for.

It requires a substantial down payment, low DTI (debt-to-income) ratios, higher credit score, and potential for PMI (Private mortgage insurance). If you manage to qualify for a conventional mortgage, it is less costly than the loans offered by the federal government.

Conventional loans are either nonconforming loans or conforming loans. The conforming loans comply with the guidelines, such as loan limits set by government-backed companies such as Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae.

The nonconforming loan is a lending institution, a portfolio lender with its guidelines. These loans cannot be sold on the secondary market due to regulations.

  • Federal Housing Administration Loans

The Federal Housing Administration is a part of the Department of Housing and Urban Development that provides several loan programs for Americans. The FHA loans have low down payment requirements and are easy for loan qualification.

However, every FHA loan borrower should pay a mortgage insurance premium circled in mortgage payments. The insurance protects the lender if the borrower defaults on the payment or passes away.

  • Department of Veteran Affairs Loans

The Department of Veteran Affairs in the United States assures VA loans. Veteran Affairs does not provide the loans themselves but provides them through lenders. These guarantees allow the veterans to obtain house loans without a down payment.

In most cases, Veteran Affairs loans are easy to qualify for. However, there are limits. You need to check the eligibility from VA.

Income and Equity Criteria

The lender determines the home mortgage loan pricing, and the two methods are based on the borrower’s creditworthiness. There are three major credit bureaus to check FICO scores and calculate the LTV ratio and DSCR.


Several other types of loans are available if you want a home loan. It is crucial to managing time and the loan amount you can afford before availing of a loan. There are several providers available who offer services and might make your home dream come true.

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More